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芦芽山

编辑者:     发布时间:2017-11-03 11:19:45
芦芽山
  芦芽山系管涔山的主峰,位于山西宁武、五寨、岢岚县境内,五寨县城东南26公里处,“西接岢岚,东带宁武,南连静乐而雄踞五寨”。 Mount Luya is the department of the main peak of Guancen Mount, located in Ningwu, wuzhai, Kelan Xian in Shanxi province, 26 kilometers southeast of Wuzhai County.
芦芽山,因形似一“芦芽”而得名,海拔2739米,是高山峻岭中挺拔的一座雄峰,恰似一尊巨人手擎利剑直插云霄。这里峰峦重叠,簇拥大小 200多座山峰,沟壑纵横,崖沟跌宕,溪水淙淙,有大小瀑布30余处。山峰尖峭,怪石嶙峋,林木茂密。每有云雾萦绕,雄峰兀突,如同青翠的芦芽破土而出,生机勃勃,鲜嫩欲滴,引人入胜。Luya Mount, named form its shape of a "reed shoots", an elevation of 2739 meters, is the high ranges in the upright mountains, looking like a giant handing sword engine into sky-line. Overlapping peaks here, surrounded by more than 200 mountain peaks, ravines, Cliff ditch ups, gurgling streams, there are more than 30 waterfalls.
雨后日出,芦芽墨绿色的山体,还会变换出一种火红的色彩,偶尔也可遇到状似“法轮”,五彩斑斓的“芦芽佛光”。  Sunrise after rain, dark green of the main body of Luya mountain but also transform a kind of red color, occasionally can be encountered in the shape of the "Falun" colorful ".
  芦芽山巅,有金龙池、五龙洞、秀云峰、紫峰崖、凤凰岭、东 西火场、大小天涧、束身峡、舍身崖、九桄梯、华严守、说法台、金刚佛堂、龙王堂、太子殿等名胜。太子殿东又有小芦芽山、云际寺、饿虎垴。小芦芽山背后又有达摩庵、石栈天桥、大河畔等自然景观。
  芦芽山区,森林密布,泉水四溢,遍地野生药材,珍奇动物出没林间,野花飘香,芳草丛生,汾河、清涟河、岚骑河都源于此。每年春耕结束,便有五寨、神地、宁武、静乐、岢岚等县的农民,赶着成千上万只牛驴骡马来此放牧 。
  这里珍贵的野生药材有黄芪、党参、沙参、灵芝、茯苓等。珍奇动物有东北虎、艾虎、金钱豹、麝、 鹿、狍羊、山猫、豺狗等兽类36种。鸟类 116种,最出名的要算褐马鸡了。褐马鸡,与大熊猫、长臂猿等 被列为国家一类保护动物。Here precious wild herbs are Astragalus, Codonopsis, Radix, Ganoderma, Poria, etc.  There are rare animals such as Siberian tiger, Fitch, leopard, musk deer, deer, roe deer sheep, lynx, jackal and other 36 species of mammals. 116 species of birds, the most famous must be the brown eared pheasant. Brown Eared Pheasant, and giant pandas, gibbons and so on are classified as national first class protected animals.
全国除神农架偶有发现外,只有山西的芦芽山和庞泉沟才可到。据有关资料披露,芦芽山区有褐马鸡1700多只。它性勇敢,善争斗。古代的帝王,曾把褐马鸡的羽毛做成“褐冠”,奖励他的武士们。清代,一双褐马鸡在欧洲市场上可售2000个银币。中国科学院鸟类学会的会徽上,就有一只雄健的褐马鸡。山西的省鸟,即是褐马鸡。With the exception of Shennongjia occasional found, only the Luya and Pangquangou of Shanxi tcan be found them. According to the disclosure of information, more than 1,700 Brown Eared Pheasant in Luya Mount zones only. It is of brave, good fight. Ancient emperors once made of brown eared pheasant feathers "brown crown" to award his warriors. In Qing Dynasty, a pair of brown eared pheasant can be sold 2000 silver in the European market. The emblem of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute, there is a vigorous of the brown eared pheasants.  provincal bird of Shanxi is brown eared pheasants.
  芦芽山极顶的“太子殿”,有副门联:“霞慈雨于中回,性法雨于边方。”传说,朱元璋的第十八子因未加封,一气之下远离京城,削发为僧,在晋西北说法讲经,劝世人以农为本,便可丰衣足食。世人为纪念这位太子的高功厚德,便选在芦芽山尖盖了座太子殿。"Prince Hall" is located in the top of Luya Mount.  It is Legend that the emperor's 18th son, who is not sealed, then angrily away from the capital, he shaved his head for the monk. In the northwest Shanxi he say preaching to persuade people of the world based on agriculture, will be clothed. The world commemorate the crown prince, then built the Prince Palace.
关于“太子殿”的来历,当地还有另一种说法,此庙是为佛祖释迦牟尼的太子罗侯罗修建。芦芽山一带,明清时有大小寺庙72座。过去遇有天旱不雨,便有乡民到芦芽山顶烧香摆供,还愿祈雨。There is another local saying about the history of "Prince Hall" . This temple is the construction for the Prince Rahula of Buddha. During Ming and Qing dynasty, 72 temples are surrounded in the Luya Mountain area. In the past time, villagers will have to burn incense and pray for rain in the case of drought.
  芦芽山的原始生物保护得很好。据中国农业科学院专家鲍文奎说:“芦芽山自然景区是世界上少有的原始生物基因宝库。”1980年经国务院批准,在管涔山林区,成立了国家森林公园,其中的芦芽山区为省级自然保护区。The original biological of Luya Mount are protected well. According to the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences experts Bao Wenkui said: "Luya Mountain Natural Scenic Area is the world's treasury of the few original genomes." Approval by the State Council in 1980, Guancen forest established the National Forest Park, one of the Luya Mountain area as Provincial Nature Reserve.

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