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永乐宫

编辑者:     发布时间:2017-11-03 14:06:26
永乐宫
  永乐宫位于芮城县城北龙泉村,又名纯阳宫。永乐宫是以壁画闻名天下,是中国现存壁西艺术的瑰宝,可与敦煌壁画媲美。Yongle Palace in Ruicheng County, North Longquan Village, also known as Shun Yeung Palace. Yongle Palace is world famous paintings, is the existing western wall art treasures, could be comparable with the Dunhuang murals.永乐宫是中国道教三大祖庭之一,是为奉祀中国古代道教“八洞神仙”之一吕洞宾而建。永乐宫始建于元代定宗贵由二年 (1247),竣工于元代至正十八年(1358),施工期长达110多年。Yongle Palace is one of the China Taoist three Forefathers, is the ancient Chinese Taoist worshiping the "Eight Immortals hole," one of the Dongbin built. Yongle Palace was built in the Yuan Dynasty were you given by the two years (1247), completed to positive 18 years in the Yuan Dynasty (1358), the construction period of up to 110 years.
    原名叫“大纯阳万寿宫”,因原建在芮城县永乐镇,俗称“永乐宫”。由于黄河三门峡工程兴建,永乐宫地处淹没区内, 所以从1959年起,历经6年,将永乐宫全部迁移到芮城县城北,这是世界文物史上一大奇迹。The original name of "Palace in Great Shun Yeung", because the original built in Yongle Town Ruicheng County, commonly known as "Yongle Palace." Since the construction of the Sanmenxia project, Yongle Palace is located in flooded areas, so in 1959, after six years, the Yongle Palace Ruicheng County, all moved to the north, this is a great miracle in the history of the world's heritage.永乐宫规模宏大,占地127000平方米,建筑面积为86880平方米。永乐宫的建筑特点是将宫门、龙虎殿、三清殿、纯阳殿、重阳殿等五座建筑物,自南向北依次排列在一条中轴线上,东西两面不设配殿和附属建筑物,而是用围墙围成一个狭长的中心院落,并将三清、纯阳、重阳三座主要殿宇集中在后半部,建在台基上。Yongle Palace grand scale, covering 127,000 square meters, construction area of 86,880 square meters. Yongle Palace is the palace building features, Dragon and Tiger Hall, Temple, Temple Shun Yeung Chung Yeung Festival Hall the five buildings, from south to north axis arranged in a line, something both sides with no side hall and ancillary buildings material, but by a narrow wall surrounded the center of the courtyard, and three clear, Shun Yeung Chung Yeung Festival 3 concentrated in the latter part of the main house, built in the platform.其他建筑在中心院落以外,另建一道围墙,主次有序,形成了自己独有的建筑风格。Outside of other buildings in the center courtyard, was built in a wall, primary and secondary order, formed its own unique architectural style
    在永乐宫参观,主要观看四座大殿内的精美壁画。壁画总面积达960多平方米。除一小部分为明、清补画外,其余绝大多数都是元朝的作品,继承了唐宋绘画遗风,堪称壁画典范。In the Yongle Palace to visit the main hall of the fine watch four large murals. Murals more than 960 square meters total area. In addition to a small part of the Ming and Qing paintings fill the remaining works of the Yuan Dynasty mostly inherited the legacy of the Tang and Song painting, mural called a model.龙虎殿又称无极门,原为永乐宫大门。殿内壁画内容为神荼、郁垒、神将、神吏、城隍、土地等,手持剑戟等器,横眉怒目。虽略有残损,但原作气魄尚存。Dragon Tiger Gate Hall, also known as The Promise, formerly Yongle Palace gate. Hall mural God Tu, Yu Lei, God, God Officials of the City God, land, hand-held devices such as swords halberds, Impacts of Pre angry. Slightly damaged, but surviving original boldness of vision.
    三清殿又称无极殿,是供“太清、玉清、上清元始天尊”的神堂,为永乐宫的主殿。San Qingdian called Promise Hall, is for "too pure, Yuqing, supernatant Yuanshi Tianzun" the Shentang, the Yongle Palace's main hall.殿内四壁,满布壁画,面积达430平方米,画面上共有286个人物,所绘人物身高2米以上,场面极为壮丽。这些人物,按对称仪仗形式排列。在这繁杂场面里,我们可以看到286个“天神”朝拜元始天尊的道教礼仪。此图称为“朝元图”。 Hall walls, covered with murals, area of 430 square meters, a total of 286 individual objects on the screen, dwarfed figure over 2 meters tall, very spectacular scenes. These figures, according to ceremonial form symmetrical arrangement. In this complex scene, we can see that 286 "gods" to worship Yuanshi Tianzun Taoist rituals. This map is called "Chaoyuan map."
    纯阳殿内壁画描述了吕洞宾从诞生起至“得道成仙”和“普渡众生游戏人间”的神话连环画故事。殿内“钟、吕谈道图”是一幅极为珍贵、人物描写极为成功的壁画。殿内有一幅画,是画吕洞宾为一个无钱求医老妇人的儿子治病,病治好后分文不取,老人感激不尽的情景。Shun Yeung hall mural describes Dongbin from birth until the "immortal" and "the game of human salvation," the myth of comic stories. Hall, "Zhong, Lu Tan Road Map" is an extremely valuable, descriptions of characters very successful mural. Hall with a painting, paintings Dongbin old woman sought treatment for a son money to treat, cure, after Fenwenbuqu elderly grateful scenarios.
    从画中我们可以看到,元朝以前人民的生活习俗及社会风貌。重阳殿又称“七真殿”;是供奉道教全真派首领王重阳及其弟子“七真人”的殿宇。殿内绘有用连环画形式描述王重阳从降生到得道度化“七真人”成道的故事的壁画报。From the picture we can see that the lives of the people before the Yuan dynasty customs and social outlook. Chung Yeung Festival Hall, also known as "the house of seven true"; is dedicated to Taoism Quanzhen Quanzhen Junta leader and his disciples "seven real," the house. Hall painted comic book form a useful description of Quanzhen from birth to attain the degree of "seven real" story of the mural into the Road Report.

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